Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

© 2017 Pan Stanford Publishing Pte. Ltd. Oxygenation of tissues in terrestrial vertebrates is achieved through the coordinated function of the respiratory and circulatory systems. The respiratory system fulfills an active ventilatory role in which the lungs force renewal of the air that contacts the alveolar epithelium and is juxtaposed to a dense blood capillary plexus. At this interphase, hemoglobin present in red blood cells releases carbon dioxide to the lungs and is loaded with oxygen. Thus, hemoglobin carries oxygen through very long distances with high efficiency, delivering it to the tissues and organs of the body.

Original publication





Book title

Genetic Models in Cardiorespiratory Biology

Publication Date



91 - 138