CPF-DD is an inhibitor of infection by human immunodeficiency virus and other enveloped viruses in vitro.
Moore JP., Simpson G., McKeating JA., Burakoff SJ., Schreiber SL., Weiss RA.
The initial step in the infection cycle of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) involves binding of its surface glycoprotein gp 120 to the T lymphocyte CD4 antigen. CPF-DD is a low molecular weight inhibitor of HIV infectivity that inhibits gp 120 binding to CD4 in vitro (Finberg et al., Science 249, 287-291, 1990). We find, however, that the actions of CPF-DD are not limited to its ability to interfere with gp 120-CD4 binding; its predominant action is to remove the viral envelope from the underlying core. Subsequently the virions disintegrate. Most enveloped viruses tested were inhibited by CPF-DD, but the infectivity of noneneloped viruses was unaffected or only slightly reduced.