Detection of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in a combined glycosylation restriction analysis (CGRA) using restriction enzyme Taq(α)I.
Song C-X., Yu M., Dai Q., He C.
5-Hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) is a newly discovered DNA base in mammalian cells that is believed to be another important epigenetic modification. Here we report the use of a methylation-insensitive restriction enzyme Taq(α)I coupled with selective chemical labeling of 5-hmC in a combined glycosylation restriction analysis (CGRA) to detect 5-hmC in TCGA sequences. This method, differentiates fully versus hemi-hydroxymethylated cytosine in the CpG dinucleotide, adds a new tool to facilitate biological studies of 5-hmC.