Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Presenilin-1 (PS-1) has been identified as the protein encoded by the chromosome 14 locus that, when mutated, leads to familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). Using PS-1 transfected SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells, we have demonstrated by immunodetection, using polyclonal antibodies, that PS-1 is processed to give two fragments: an N-terminal 28 kDa fragment, and a C-terminal 18 kDa fragment. In a number of non-transfected cell types, most PS-1 is detected as the cleaved products. The molecular weights of the PS-1 cleavage products suggest that the cleavage point will most probably be within a region of the hydrophilic loop domain coded for by either exon 8 or 9 of the PS-1 gene. The clustering of FAD mutations within exon 8 strongly suggests that it encodes a key functional domain. It seems likely that the cleavage of PS-1 is crucial to some aspect of its functionality. An understanding of this process will give insights into the pathology of AD, and may offer new opportunities for therapeutic intervention.


Journal article



Publication Date





293 - 298


Amino Acid Sequence, Exons, Genes, Membrane Proteins, Molecular Sequence Data, Neurons, Peptide Fragments, Presenilin-1, Protein Processing, Post-Translational, Transfection, Tumor Cells, Cultured