Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The effect of low pH on capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurotransmission in the rat isolated mesenteric arterial bed and at recombinant (rVR1) vanilloid receptors was investigated. Mesenteric sensory neurogenic vasorelaxation elicited by electrical field stimulation was reversibly inhibited by lowering pH from 7.4 to 6.9 and 6.3. Capsaicin-induced vasorelaxation was not different at pH 6.9, but was attenuated at pH 6.3. Vasorelaxation to calcitonin gene-related peptide, the principal sensory motor neurotransmitter in rat mesenteric arteries, was not different at pH 6.9 or pH 6.3. In rVR1-transfected HEK293 cells, acidic conditions enhanced the affinities of capsaicin and capsazepine at rVR1, but did not affect the potency of carbachol at endogenous muscarinic receptors. Following inactivation of endogenous acid-sensitive ion channels, lowering pH (6.0-4.5) directly increased [Ca2+]i in rVR1-HEK293 cells (EC50 5.5). This response was abolished by 1 microM capsazepine. In conclusion, a decrease in pH (to 6.9 and 6.3) enhances the affinity of capsaicin at rVR1, but inhibits sensory neurotransmission in the rat mesenteric arterial bed. This likely explains why there is no evidence of an enhancement of sensitivity to capsaicin at endogenous vanilloid receptors, as observed with rVR1. When pH is reduced still further (6.0-5.5) there is direct activation of rVR1.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/S1566-0702(01)00218-1

Type

Journal article

Journal

Auton Neurosci

Publication Date

12/04/2001

Volume

88

Pages

36 - 44

Keywords

Animals, Capsaicin, Cell Line, Electric Stimulation, Humans, Hydrogen, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, In Vitro Techniques, Male, Mesenteric Arteries, Neurons, Afferent, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Receptors, Drug, Recombinant Proteins, Synaptic Transmission, Vasodilation