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Enteric fever affects more than 25 million people annually and results from systemic infection with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi or Paratyphi pathovars A, B or C(1). We conducted a genome-wide association study of 432 individuals with blood culture-confirmed enteric fever and 2,011 controls from Vietnam. We observed strong association at rs7765379 (odds ratio (OR) for the minor allele = 0.18, P = 4.5 × 10(-10)), a marker mapping to the HLA class II region, in proximity to HLA-DQB1 and HLA-DRB1. We replicated this association in 595 enteric fever cases and 386 controls from Nepal and also in a second independent collection of 151 cases and 668 controls from Vietnam. Imputation-based fine-mapping across the extended MHC region showed that the classical HLA-DRB1*04:05 allele (OR = 0.14, P = 2.60 × 10(-11)) could entirely explain the association at rs7765379, thus implicating HLA-DRB1 as a major contributor to resistance against enteric fever, presumably through antigen presentation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/ng.3143

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nat Genet

Publication Date

12/2014

Volume

46

Pages

1333 - 1336

Keywords

Alleles, Antigen Presentation, Biomarkers, Chromosome Mapping, Genetic Markers, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, HLA-DRB1 Chains, Humans, Models, Statistical, Nepal, Odds Ratio, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Principal Component Analysis, Regression Analysis, Typhoid Fever, Vietnam