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BACKGROUND: Little is known about the frequency of cough in health and in patients with chronic cough. METHODS: We measured cough frequency and its relationship with other markers of cough severity in 20 patients with chronic cough and 9 healthy subjects using the Leicester Cough Monitor (LCM), which is an automated ambulatory digital cough monitor that records sound only. All subjects had a 6-h recording and recordings were manually counted. A subgroup of 6 normals and 6 patients with a stable chronic cough had repeat measurements up to 6 months apart. RESULTS: Mean (sem) cough counts/hour were 43(8) in patients with chronic cough and 2(1) in normals (mean difference 41; 95% confidence interval 24-59; P<0.001). The cough counts were repeatable (within subject standard deviation: 23 coughs/hour; intraclass correlation coefficient 0.8). Cough counts correlated significantly with physical (r=-0.6, P=0.03), social (r=-0.7, P=0.01) and total Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) health status scores (r=-0.6, P=0.03) and cough sensitivity (concentration of capsaicin causing 5 coughs: r=0.9, P=0.008). CONCLUSION: We have shown that there are marked differences in cough frequency between patients with chronic cough and healthy subjects, that these measurements are repeatable, and that they correlate with cough-specific health status.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.rmed.2005.09.023

Type

Journal article

Journal

Respir Med

Publication Date

06/2006

Volume

100

Pages

1105 - 1109

Keywords

Adult, Capsaicin, Case-Control Studies, Chronic Disease, Cough, Female, Health Status, Humans, Irritants, Linear Models, Lung, Male, Middle Aged