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A subset of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family contain a conserved intracellular motif, the death domain. Engagement of these receptors by their respective ligands initiates a signalling cascade that rapidly leads to cell death by apoptosis. We have cloned a new member of this family, TRICK2, the TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) receptor inducer of cell killing 2. TRICK2 is expressed in a number of cell types, and to particularly high levels in lymphocytes and spleen. Two isoforms of the TRICK2 mRNA are generated by alternative pre-mRNA splicing and differ by a 29 amino-acid extension to the extracellular domain. Overexpression of TRICK2 rapidly induced apoptosis in 293T cells; this induction was dependent upon the presence of the death domain of TRICK2. Using a soluble molecule containing the TRICK2 extracellular domain, we demonstrated that TRICK2, like DR4 [1], is a receptor for TRAIL/APO-2L [2,3] and could inhibit TRAIL-induced killing of lymphocyte lines, such as the Jurkat T-cell line. TRAIL is upregulated upon lymphocyte activation, as is the intensively studied ligand for Fas, FasL [4]. TRAIL and its receptors might therefore provide another system for the regulation of lymphocyte selection and proliferation, as well as providing an additional weapon in the armoury of cytotoxic lymphocytes.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Curr Biol

Publication Date

01/09/1997

Volume

7

Pages

693 - 696

Keywords

Alternative Splicing, Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Apoptosis, Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins, Binding Sites, COS Cells, Cloning, Molecular, Membrane Glycoproteins, Molecular Sequence Data, Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand, Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Signal Transduction, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha