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Hypoxia-Inducible Factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylase domains (PHDs) have been proposed to act as sensors that have an important role in oxygen homeostasis. In the presence of oxygen, they hydroxylate two specific prolyl residues in HIF-alpha polypeptides, thereby promoting their proteasomal degradation. So far, however, the developmental consequences of the inactivation of PHDs in higher metazoans have not been reported. Here, we describe novel loss-of-function mutants of fatiga, the gene encoding the Drosophila PHD oxygen sensor, which manifest growth defects and lethality. We also report a null mutation in dHIF-alpha/sima, which is unable to adapt to hypoxia but is fully viable in normoxic conditions. Strikingly, loss-of-function mutations of sima rescued the developmental defects observed in fatiga mutants and enabled survival to adulthood. These results indicate that the main functions of Fatiga in development, including control of cell size, involve the regulation of dHIF/Sima.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/sj.embor.7400528

Type

Journal article

Journal

EMBO Rep

Publication Date

11/2005

Volume

6

Pages

1070 - 1075

Keywords

Animals, Cell Hypoxia, Cell Size, DNA-Binding Proteins, Drosophila Proteins, Drosophila melanogaster, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Genes, Lethal, Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit, Larva, Oxygen, Phenotype, Procollagen-Proline Dioxygenase, RNA, Messenger, Time Factors