Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.
Skip to main content

Majority of HIV-2-infected individuals meet the criteria of long-term non-progressors. This has been linked to superior qualitative HIV-2-specific cellular immune responses that correlate with viral control. However, it is unknown whether this is due to frequent targeting of immunodominant Gag epitopes in HIV-2 than HIV-1 infection. We describe a comprehensive comparison of the magnitude, breadth and frequency of Gag responses and the degree of cross-recognition of frequently targeted, immunodominant Gag peptides in a cross-sectional study of asymptomatic HIV-1- and HIV-2-infected individuals. Fresh PBMC from 20 HIV-1- and 20 HIV-2-infected patients with similar CD4(+) T-cell counts (p=0.36) were stimulated with pools of HIV-1 and/or HIV-2 Gag peptides in an IFN-gamma ELISPOT assay. We found no difference in the cumulative magnitude of IFN-gamma responses (p=0.75) despite significantly lower plasma viral loads in HIV-2-infected people (p<0.0001). However, Gag211-290 was targeted with significantly higher magnitude in HIV-2-infected subjects (p=0.03) although this did not correlate with viral control. There was no difference in frequently targeted Gag peptides, the breadth, immunodominance or cross-recognition of Gag peptide pools between the two infections. This suggests that other factors may control viral replication in HIV-2 infection.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/eji.200838759

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur J Immunol

Publication Date

12/2008

Volume

38

Pages

3549 - 3560

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Amino Acid Sequence, Cells, Cultured, Cohort Studies, Cross Reactions, Female, Gambia, Gene Products, gag, HIV Infections, HIV-1, HIV-2, Humans, Interferon-gamma, Male, Middle Aged, Molecular Sequence Data, Peptides