Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The hypoxic response in animals is mediated by hydroxylation of proline residues in the alpha-subunit of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF). Hydroxylation is catalysed by prolyl-4-hydroxylases (PHD isozymes in humans) which are iron(II) and 2-oxoglutarate dependent oxygenases. Mutation of the arginine proposed to bind 2-oxoglutarate and of the 2His-1-carboxylate iron(II) binding motif in PHD1 dramatically reduces its activity. The source of the oxygen of the product alcohol is (>95%) dioxygen.


Journal article


Bioorg Med Chem Lett

Publication Date





1547 - 1550


Amino Acid Sequence, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Humans, Hydroxylation, Molecular Sequence Data, Oxygen, Procollagen-Proline Dioxygenase, Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization