Mycobacterial T cell responses in HIV-infected patients with advanced immunosuppression.
Hammond AS., McConkey SJ., Hill PC., Crozier S., Klein MR., Adegbola RA., Rowland-Jones S., Brookes RH., Whittle H., Jaye A.
Antimycobacterial T cell reactivity at different stages of HIV infection was investigated. Subjects were screened with purified protein derivative (PPD), early secreted antigenic target (ESAT)-6, and culture filtrate protein (CFP)-10 antigens for interferon (IFN)-gamma-producing effector T cell responses by direct ex vivo enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISpot) assay. The proportion of responders to PPD tuberculin decreased with a reduction in CD4 T cell count, whereas the proportion of responder to ESAT-6 and CFP-10 did not. The main sources of IFN-gamma secretion were CD4 cells, and the relative responses to ESAT-6 and CFP-10 significantly increased in HIV-infected patients with decreasing CD4 cell count. This may reflect early signs of reactivation, reinfection, or a restricted, inefficient immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis.