Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.
Skip to main content

Natural killer (NK) cells are potent effectors of natural immunity and their activity prevents human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) viral entry and viral replication. We sought to determine whether NK immune responses are associated with different clinical course of HIV-1 and HIV-2 infections. A cross-sectional analysis of NK cell responses was undertaken in 30 HIV-1 and 30 HIV-2 subjects in each of three categories of CD4(+)-T-cell counts (>500, 200 to 500, and <200 cells/microl) and in 50 HIV-uninfected control subjects. Lytic activity and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) secretion were measured by chromium release and enzyme-linked immunospot assays, respectively. Flow cytometry was used to assess intracellular cytokines and chemokines. Levels of NK cytotoxicity were significantly higher in HIV-2 than in HIV-1 infections in subjects with high CD4(+)-T-cell counts and were similar to that of the healthy controls. In these HIV-2 subjects, cytolytic activity was positively correlated to NK cell count and inversely related to plasma viremia. Levels of intracellular MIP-1beta, RANTES, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and IFN-gamma produced by NK CD56(bright) cells were significantly higher in HIV-2- than HIV-1-infected subjects with high CD4(+)-T-cell counts but fell to similar levels as CD4 counts dropped. The data suggest efficient cytolytic and chemokine-suppressive activity of NK cells early in HIV-2 infection, which is associated with high CD4(+) T-cell counts. Enhancement of these functions may be important in immune-based therapy to control HIV disease.

Original publication

DOI

10.1128/JVI.80.5.2529-2538.2006

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Virol

Publication Date

03/2006

Volume

80

Pages

2529 - 2538

Keywords

CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Chemokines, Cross-Sectional Studies, Cytokines, Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic, Flow Cytometry, HIV Infections, HIV-1, HIV-2, Humans, Interferon-gamma, Killer Cells, Natural, Viremia