Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Human leukocyte antigen-E (HLA-E) normally presents an HLA class Ia signal peptide to the NKG2A/C-CD94 regulatory receptors on natural killer (NK) cells and T cell subsets. Rhesus macaques immunized with a cytomegalovirus-vectored simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) vaccine generated Mamu-E (HLA-E homolog)–restricted T cell responses that mediated post-challenge SIV replication arrest in >50% of animals. However, HIV-1–specific, HLA-E–restricted T cells have not been observed in HIV-1–infected individuals. Here, HLA-E–restricted, HIV-1–specific CD8+ T cells were primed in vitro. These T cell clones and allogeneic CD8+ T cells transduced with their T cell receptors suppressed HIV-1 replication in CD4+ T cells in vitro. Vaccine induction of efficacious HLA-E–restricted HIV-1–specific T cells should therefore be possible.

Original publication

DOI

10.1126/sciimmunol.abg1703

Type

Journal article

Journal

Science Immunology

Publisher

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

Publication Date

25/03/2021

Volume

6

Pages

eabg1703 - eabg1703