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BACKGROUND: Dupilumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody, blocks the shared receptor component for interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 signaling, key drivers of type 2 inflammation. In the phase 3 study (NCT02414854), add-on dupilumab 200mg/300mg every 2 weeks, versus placebo, significantly reduced severe asthma exacerbations and improved pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and quality-of-life measures in patients with uncontrolled, moderate-to-severe asthma, with greater efficacy observed in those with a high baseline type 2 phenotype. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of dupilumab in uncontrolled, moderate-to-severe asthma patients with or without self-reported comorbid chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS or non-CRS). METHODS: Comorbid CRS was self-reported by patients using an e-diary. Annualized severe exacerbation rates, changes from baseline in pre- and post-bronchodilator FEV1, patient-reported outcomes, type 2 biomarkers, and safety were assessed. RESULTS: CRS was self-reported by 382/1902 (20.1%) patients. Dupilumab 200mg/300mg reduced annualized severe exacerbation rates by 63%/61%, respectively, in patients with CRS, and by 42%/40% in patients without CRS (all P<.001 vs placebo). Dupilumab also improved lung function and patient-reported asthma control and quality of life, and suppressed type 2 biomarkers versus placebo in both subgroups. Clinical responses were rapid, with near-maximal responses observed at the earliest measured timepoints and sustained at week 52. Improvements observed in the CRS subgroup were similar to or numerically greater than those in the non-CRS subgroup. CONCLUSION: Dupilumab showed efficacy and was generally well tolerated in patients with uncontrolled, moderate-to-severe asthma with or without CRS.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.jaip.2019.07.016

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract

Publication Date

24/07/2019

Keywords

Anti-IL-13, Anti-IL-4, Asthma, Chronic rhinosinusitis, Dupilumab, Efficacy, Safety